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History

The Egadi Archipelago is a marine park composed of 3 islands – Favignana, Marettimo and Levanzo – right in front of Trapani, on the western coast of Sicily. Ferry and hydrofoil services are frequent during the day.
Favignana is the largest island, named after the “Favonio” wind, with a land surface of around 20 sq. km. (215.000 sq. ft.).
Porticciolo Isola favignanaThe landscape is characterized by a series of hills, the highest of which is mount Santa Caterina (302 mt, 1.000 ft). To the east of mount Santa Caterina you find "la Piana", where the village and the harbour are located, and to the west there is "il Bosco". With this peculiar shape, from above Favignana looks like a butterfly painted on the sea!

The Archipelago belonged since the XVII century to the noble family Pallavicini Rusconi di Genova and was then sold, in 1874, for two million Italian lire to the noble family Florio from Palermo. Under the Florio family the island became very important for the tuna fishing. Thie island is famous for the tuna fishing which was done using the ancient Arabic system.

centro storico favignanaOther interesting historic tidbits about Favignana:

In front of Cala Rossa, the most stunning bay in Favignana, in 241 B.C. ancient Romans and Carthaginian fought a famous naval battle that led to the end of the Punic Wars.

Homer in his Odyssey named Favignana the “Goats' Island”.

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